Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)

By Dr. Anna Simon Introduction Riboflavin, or vitamin B2, is important for metabolism, converting carbohydrates and amino acids to useable energy for the body, and as an antioxidant protecting against tissue damage from free radicals. The earliest recorded isolation of riboflavin was in 1879 by A.W. Blyth, who extracted…

Facts about Dietary Fats, Fatty Acids, and Health Consequences

By Dr. Neerja L. Bisht, MD Fats are essentially a form of lipids, which is a generic term given to compounds mainly found in tissues of plants and animals. Fats are the primary energy depots used for long-term energy requirements during periods of extensive exercise or during periods of…

The Increasing use of Dietary Supplements: Benefits and Dangers

[icon name="user" class="" unprefixed_class=""]  Aiman Bandali INTRODUCTION Over the last few years, particularly since 2010, there has been an increase in intake of dietary supplements. According to the new market report published by Persistence Market Research, the global dietary supplements market was valued at $109.8 billion and is…

The Benefits of a Mediterranean Diet on Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer Risk

By Joanne P. Shelby-klein, BSN, RN Introduction: What is the Mediterranean diet? The Mediterranean Diet is currently thought of as the paradigm for healthy eating. The World Health Organization states that adopting the Mediterranean diet can prevent the onset of disease and improve the standard of living.7 Recent…

Vitamin B12

By Hasina Akhter, Ph.D. INTRODUCTION OF VITAMIN B12 Vitamin B12 is one of the nine water-soluble B vitamins. It is also known as cobalamin or cyanocobalamin as it contains cobalt, the essential trace element to all animals. Methylcobalamin and 5-deoxyadenosylcobalamin are other forms of this vitamin that…

Taking a BiTE® out of Cancer

By Isharpal Singh, M.S. The Next Gen approach in Immunotherapy The era of modern antibody therapy began with the Prize-winning report on the basic structure of the immunoglobulin molecule given by Rodney Porter. His findings revealed two identical antigen-binding fragments (Fab) that blocked antigen precipitation by the…

Heart Diseases in Children

By Bhavana Sachdev, MS Heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood to all parts of our body. It consists of a network of blood vessels, such as arteries, veins, and capillaries which carry blood to and from all areas of the body. Any abnormality in the structure and function…

Vitamin A

Our bodies need a variety of vitamins and minerals to work properly and keep us healthy. One of those vitamins is Vitamin A, also known as Retinol. It is an important vitamin that is not often talked about. WHAT IS VITAMIN A? Vitamin A is considered to be a fat…